Today’s logistics infrastructure for general cargo in Norway is built on the road transport’s premises with most goods transported from Europe passing through Eastern Norway, independent of final destination. A new national logistics - and terminal structure, that facilitates transition from truck transport via Eastern Norway to direct maritime transport to the entire country, is more sustainable. Direct maritime transport both ways between Europe and the West, and between Europe and the East of Norway, will reduce costs and GHG emissions and improve the cargo flow balance.
Consequently, the goal of the study is to develop a knowledge base and plan that can help realize this sustainable logistics and terminal structure. At the end of the project, customers will be able to test a new sea-based logistics structure between Norway and Europe. The test will be realized over the course of 3-4 years, followed by large scale implementation resulting in significant cargo transfer from road to sea in 5-10 years.
Pilot owner: ASKO
Participants: Flowchange, Seatrans, DFDS, Grieg Star, Hydro, Norske Havner, Stavanger Havn, Klima- og miljødepartementet, Oslo kommune/Oslo Havn, Bergen Havn, Flora kommune, Universitetet i Sørøst-Norge (USN), SINTEF, Menon, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, Norwegian Maritime Authority, Enova and DNV GL
Status: The project was launched in March 2019 and is in the closing stages of mapping cargo volumes and trade patterns between Norway and Europe. Phone interviews with approximately 50 companies in addition to 20 in-depth interviews have been conducted. The results will be used to identify and evaluate national customer volumes that are suited for direct sea-based distribution to Norway from central warehouses or consolidation terminals in Europe in combination with export cargo. Further project work includes mapping of current transport offering and sketching a proposed sea-based logistics structure for 2030.
Maritime transport of raw building material and grain
Large volumes of raw building material and grain are transported on relatively small bulk carriers along the coast. This fleet is characterized by high age, low renewal rate and fossil driven propulsion systems.
Through this pilot HeidelbergCement and Felleskjøpet Agri want to evaluate the feasibility of combining two cargo owners’ logistics between the east and the west of Norway, under the hypothesis that the total goods flow combined with long-term chartering contracts can make it possible to realize a zero-emission bulk carrier.
Pilot owner: HeidelbergCement and Felleskjøpet Agri
Participants: ABB, Enchandia, Flowchange, Gasnor, Grieg Star, Hordaland Fylkeskommune, Hyon, Kongsberg Maritime, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, Kystrederiene, Norwegian Maritime Authority, SINTEF, Vard and DNV GL
Status: The pilot was initiated in March 2019. Analyses of historical shipments have revealed a significant potential for coordination and co-utilization of vessels. A requirements specification for the logistics solution with zero emission ships is under development. Possible zero-emission solutions, green contract regimes and cost-benefit analysis are being evaluated.
Fleet renewal, next generation coastal bulk carrier
The small-sized bulk – and general cargo fleet used for domestic coastal transport has an average age of approximately 30 years. There is a need for green fleet renewal in order to sustain this transport in the future.
Vard’s goal with this pilot is to establish an innovative fleet renewal program for low- and zero-emission self-unloading ships, based on electric transmission and autonomous load/unload solutions, and designed for the market needs up to 2040.
Pilot owner: Vard
Participants: ABB, Enchandia, Flowchange, Gasnor, Grieg Star, Felleskjøpet Agri, HeidelbergCement, Hyon, Kongsberg Maritime, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, Kystrederiene, Norwegian Maritime Authority, SINTEF and DNV GL
Status: The pilot was started in April 2019. The ship segment is mapped, concept development is initiated, logistics system is evaluated and a roadmap for evaluation and weighing of measures is established. Current phase is focused on design development.
Port transition barometer
Ports are central for maritime transport’s competitiveness and for cargo transfer from road to sea, both as logistics, business and energy hubs. Ports can influence the development of these aspects through transparent and targeted measures.
VThrough this pilot Norwegian Ports Association wants to promote cargo transfer from road to sea in Norwegian ports, in a bid to reduce GHG emissions in the transport sector and the traffic intensity on roads, and accelerate the development of zero-emission ports (green ports). A measurement system (port barometer) will be developed, which through a port index can document the ports’ facilitation of cargo transfer and measure the effects in terms of increased volumes at quay and reduced emissions. Further, the pilot should facilitate for identification and sharing of best port practices and identify and develop measures for increased green cargo transport through the ports.
Pilot owner: Norske Havner (Norwegian Ports Association)
Participants: Selected member ports, shipowners/cargo owners, The Norwegian Coastal Administration and DNV GL
Status: The pilot was initiated in August 2019.
Can a hydrogen fuelled vessel be financially competitive? If so, it could potentially be a game-changer in the maritime industry as the first zero emission bulk vessel in the world!
Hydro Aluminium has regular aluminium shipments to the ARA-area from their production site in Sognefjord (Norway). At the same time, Hydro’s Energy department has the means to produce Hydrogen in the same area as the loading port. The Pilot’s intention is to establish if a H2 driven bulk carrier is feasible (including H2 production) and where the gaps lie compared with a conventional vessel, as they are operated today.
Pilot owner: Hydro
Participants: ABB, Enchandia, Flora Municipality, Flowchange, Gasnor, Hordaland municipality, Hydro Energi, Hyon, Kongsberg Maritime, Norwegian Maritime Directorate, SINTEF, Vard, Wärtsilä, ZEM, DNV GL
Status: The pilot was initiated March 2019. Work groups have been established to cover the different tasks to be assessed. Download your copy of the final report of the study.
Multimodal transport system with autonomous sea drones
There is a need for cost efficient multimodal transport of cargo over short distances to reduce road traffic and eliminate emissions.
The pilot develops a commercially and technically realizable zero-emission concept, where autonomous, electrical and flexible sea drones transport across fjords and short distances, and in combination with electrical trucks constitute a cost-efficient door-to-door transport system. Flexibility includes transport of different cargos; ro/ro, container and bulk.
Pilot owner: ASKO
Participants: Kongsberg Maritime, Naval Dynamics, Norwegian Maritime Authority, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, ABB, Enova and DNV GL
Status: The project is currently developing the concept with focus on the sea drone including propulsion and electrical system, cargo loading/unloading including the berth/terminal and business and technical risk analysis.
Hydrogen by the sea
This pilot will work to develop knowledge and understanding needed for the successful introduction of zero emission shipping and how hydrogen can best contribute to this target. The pilot will investigate how (and where) to develop a maritime hydrogen infrastructure based on the real demands in shipping. The key focus areas are Norwegian coastal shipping and short sea shipping in the North Sea.
Pilot owner: Equinor
Participnats: Gasnor, Port of Stavanger, Østensjø Rederi, Hyon, Flora municipality, Norwegian Shipowners’ Association, Seatrans, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL
Status: The pilot was initiated early in 2018. Initial case studies to explore how to synchronize supply and demand are under way.
Environmental Port Index (EPI)
The largest Norwegian cruise ports have developed the Environmental Port Index (EPI) - a methodology for quantifying and reporting ships environmental performance in ports. By rewarding green ships, Norwegian ports expect to attract “best in class” ships to Norwegian ports. The idea is to offer incentives for investing in green technologies as well as to increase the barriers for the more polluting ships. For port areas, this will lead to a significant reduction of ship emissions and impacts.
This pilot will contribute to the introduction of EPI as common standard for ships in Norwegian ports (and elsewhere). In its initial phase the project is focusing on cruise ships but it will eventually include other classes of ships too.
Pilot owner: Port Bergen
Participants: Port of Oslo, Port of Flora, Menon, Norske Havner, KS Bedrift, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, DNV GL
Status: An AIS-based (Automatic Identification System) emission inventory for cruise ships in Norwegian ports has been established. It has so far been used to calculate environmental damage cost (e.g. overall, selected ports, per port call). The project has also estimated potential annually cost savings and emission reductions for green cruise ships (case ship), assuming globally uptake of standards differentiating on environmental performance in ports.
Green financing solutions
The green shift in coastal shipping is dependent on use of innovative environmental technologies. Improved access to capital and financing of new technical solutions will accelerate the shift.
The pilot aims to develop and test attractive financing alternatives and structures that support new and future technical solutions, with involvement from both public and private sector.
Pilot owner: Danske Bank
Participants: Swedbank, Kystrederiene, GIEK, Enova, ABB, Hydro, Asko, Innovasjon Norge, Hyon, ZEM, Ship Owner Assoc., Seatrans, Torghatten, NOx-fund, DNV GL
Status: Pilot just established (June 2018).
Green smart vessel
The ongoing digitalization of onboard systems gives new possibilities for ship owners to optimize operations. The pilot “Green smart vessels” is focusing on the methodology behind establishing secure data systems onboard and ashore to achieve reductions in fuel consumption and emissions.
Pilot owner: Østensjø Rederi
Participants: Teekay, Statoil, ABB, DNV GL
Status: The pilot contains three scenarios describing the chain of information flow from the vessel, combining vessel data with shore-based systems, and how to share information with third parties. The first scenario is in progress (June 2018).
Plug-in hybrid fishing vessels
Fiskebåt (The Norwegian Fishing Vessel Owners’ Association) aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the fishing fleet by at least 40 percent. The pilot is conducting a technical survey of possible low and zero emission solutions for fishing vessels. It is a challenge that the fleet consists of very different vessels with different operating patterns.
Pilot owner: Fiskebåt
Participants: Corvus, Flora municipality, Norwegian Maritime Authority, ZEM, DNV GL.
Status: Fiskebåt has contributed with operational data for different vessels. Plug-in hybrid solutions with batteries as well as LNG and biofuel have been assessed for the different ship types. The goal is to link a chosen solution to a newbuilding project by 2020. The pilot study has recommended a study investigating barriers and possible solutions for an effective green shift, to be carried out.
Sea-based transport system for fresh fish
The rapidly growing aquaculture industry needs a sustainable alternative to road-based transport to reduce emissions, accidents and road wear.
The pilot develops a commercially and technically realizable concept for transporting fresh fish from central Norway to Europe. The pilot is an important learning project for socioeconomic analyses for all partners in the programme.
Pilot owner: Kystrederiene
Participants: Marine Harvest, Salmar, ABB, Menon, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL
Status: The project has shown that the concept is realistic for profitable ocean-based transport from central Norway to Europe to meet market needs. Results show great socioeconomic benefits. The solution is already realized using existing ships and shipping lines in the first phase, and then with new, climate-friendly hybrid ships in the following phase.
Biodiesel-powered plug-in hybrid ferry
Sustainable biodiesel provides low greenhouse gas emissions. The Torghatten pilot investigates the possibilities for building a ferry running exclusively on sustainable biodiesel. The pilot assesses sustainability issues, NOx emissions, as well as price and availability of biodiesel.
Pilot owner: Torghatten
Participants: ABB, Corvus, Echandia, Energy Norway, Gasnor, Goodfuels, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL
Status: MF Hornstind was completed in 2017. However, lack of reliability in biodiesel supply and high price means that biodiesel does not appear to be a valid alternative during the remaining contract period in Nordland. The ferry is also built to be able to go battery hybrid with marine gas oil, or fully electric for future tenders with zero and low emission requirements.
Hydrogen powered passenger boat
Hydrogen is the only zero emission fuel alternative for energy-demanding and long distances. Flora municipality, together with the local business community, has initiated a project for a hydrogen-powered fast boat for 100 passengers on the Florø - Måløy route. The pilot is developing the ship design while analyzing the feasibility, investments and operating costs, payback period and environmental benefits.
Pilot owner: Municipality of Flora
Participants: Maritime Association of Sogn and Fjordane, Kongsberg, ABB, Corvus, Echandia, KS Business, Statoil, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL
Status: Sogn and Fjordane County Municipality have a crucial role in the realization of the pilot by demanding a zero-emission solution through innovative procurement (e.g. a development contract). The goal is to have the fast boat in operation from 2021.
Autonomous battery-powered container ship
The pilot investigates how a new ship type, a battery-powered unmanned ship with zero emissions, can contribute to moving cargo from road to sea. The idea is based on DNV GL’s autonomous concept vessel, ReVolt. The ambition is to establish a standardized and autonomous shipping and logistics concept for the global market.
Pilot owner: Kongsberg
Participants: Port of Stavanger, Seatrans, Kystverket, Norwegian Maritime Authority, DNV GL
Status: Through this pilot, Kongsberg has developed competence which has been utilized in the Yara Birkeland autonomous ship, with automated cargo handling. The implementation of the pilot through Yara Birkeland will show that the concept is realizable and sustainable. After testing in 2018/19, a fully autonomous solution between Herøya-Brevik-Larvik will be in place by 2020.
Battery hybrid shuttle tanker
This pilot investigates how the use of batteries and utilization of vapor from the oil cargo can improve a shuttle tanker’s operation and reduce fuel costs, while significantly reducing emissions of climate and environmental gases.
Pilot owner: Teekay
Participants: Statoil, Kongsberg, ABB, Gasnor / Shell, Norwegian Maritime Authority, Maritime Battery Forum, DNV GL
Status: Teekay has four shuttle tankers under construction. Completion in 2019 and 2020.
Hybrid aquaculture vessel
Using LNG in combination with batteries can make vessels serving the aquaculture industry more energy efficient and can significantly reduce emissions. The pilot examines which hybrid propulsion system works best to reduce emissions and operating costs, as well as ensuring safe operation at the cages.
Pilot owner: ABB/Kystrederiene
Participants: Egil Ulvan Rederi, ZEM, Kongsberg, GMC, DNV GL
Status: Egil Ulvan Rederi is building the world’s first plug-in hybrid cargo vessel, which also serves the fish farming industry. This is a highly advanced and environmentally innovative new build based on the Cargo Ferry Pilot and the Aquaculture Pilot under the Green Shipping Programme. Completion in 2020.
By analyzing energy consumption and offering liquid natural gas and electrical power to ships, ports can become green energy and logistics hubs. This pilot explores electric-powered port vehicles and cranes, smart efficiency-enhancing electronic goods and transportation management, as well as the use of plug-in charging stations for shore power, all-electric and hybrid ships.
Pilot owner:Port of Stavanger;
Participants: GMC, ABB, Kystrederiene, ZEM, Statoil, Kongsberg, Kystverket, DNV GL
Status: Port of Stavanger has achieved major reductions in emissions and costs by making climate and environment a central part of its business strategy. The port has become a showcase for other ports and is continuing to work for improvements. Port of Stavanger is today among the world’s largest bunkering ports for LNG-powered ships.